Etel Adnan (b. 1925, Lebanon, Beirut) lives and works in Paris, France. She undertook her early education in Beirut, and went on to study at the Sorbonne, Paris; the University of California, Berkeley; and Harvard University, Cambridge. Adnan has been the subject of solo exhibitions at Mudam Luxembourg, Luxembourg-Kirchberg; the Aspen Art Museum, Colorado; and SFMoMA, San Francisco; MASS MoCA, Massachusetts; Serpentine Galleries, London; and Museum Der Moderne Salzburg, Austria, among other. She participated in the 11th Shanghai Biennale (2017), the 11th Istanbul Biennial (2015), Sharjah Biennial 12 (2015), the 2014 Whitney Biennial, and Documenta 13 (2012). Her work is in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York; Pompidou Centre, Paris; M+, Hong Kong; the British Museum, London; and the National Museum for Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C., among many others.